By Carolina Carl
In 1045, the northern Iberian Bishopric of Calahorra used to be introduced again into being via Garc?a III of Navarre at the frontline of his increasing frontiers with Castile. at the demise of its 8th post-restoration bishop in 1190, all or a part of the territory of this, via then unmistakably Castilian, see had replaced fingers at the very least seven occasions among Navarre, Aragon, and Leon-Castile/Castile, as those emergent Christian kingdoms competed furiously over the Riojan frontier region that it occupied. This booklet, the 1st to supply a close exploration of 11th and 12th century Calahorra, examines the connection among the extraordinary volatility of Calahorras political state of affairs and the peculiarities of the sees political and institutional improvement in the course of its first a hundred forty five years as a restored Iberian bishopric.
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Additional resources for A bishopric between three kingdoms: Calahorra, 1045-1190 (Medieval and Early Modern Iberian World)
256. , 259. , 237. 67 68 30 chapter one to San Millán abruptly dried up. The end of this spurt of patronage also coincided with the emergence of Gonzalo, who gradually took over from Gómez as the second, or deputy, Abbot of San Millán. 72 That he did so in his own right, more often than not in Gómez’s absence, indicates that he had probably taken over much of the monastery’s routine administration during the late 1040’s. 75 Gómez’s distance from San Millán de la Cogolla grew in the context of the foundation of Santa María la Real de Nájera and the incorporation of the Diocese of Valpuesta into that of Calahorra in, or shortly after, 1049.
Ubieto Arteta, Albelda, 47. , 48. 377. 105 106 38 chapter one Each time Gómez transferred the seat of his episcopal government, he did so in response to royal Navarrese dictates that were in turn invariably determined by the politics of Navarre’s frontiers with the Kingdoms of Zaragoza and Leon-Castile: the failure of Calahorra’s historic cathedral to take off as an effective diocesan centre during this period was primarily determined by its location on Navarre’s impoverished, badly connected, and politically less significant border with muslim Zaragoza; Gómez’s departure from San Millán de la Cogolla around 1050 and his subsequent installation in Nájera, García III’s riojan capital, facilitated the Bishop of Calahorra’s participation in the consolidation of Navarre’s western frontier, as Nájera represented the base from which he could extend his authority over the suppressed Old-Castilian Diocese of Valpuesta; finally, Gómez’s departure from Nájera and establishment in Albelda sometime between 1054 and 1058 resulted from developments relating to Navarre’s frontiers: while the former was a response to the debilitation after Atapuerca of the very western Navarrese frontier that the Bishop of Calahorra had been installed in Nájera to consolidate, the latter reflected both Sancho IV’s policy of maintaining the Abbot of San Millán at a safe distance from the temptations of the Castilian border, and the central position assigned to the Bishop of Calahorra in that Navarrese king’s socio-Â� economic regeneration of his eastern riojan border with Zaragoza.
Most Iberian bishops of the 1050’s and 1060’s had begun, under the influence of the eleventh-century ecclesiastical reform movement, to take the first steps towards the development of the centralized, hierarchical, highly territorial, and above all secular institutional structures that would underpin the gradual disassociation of their power from both monastic and lay dominance. 108 What is more, his last move, which saw him abandon his newly-established secular diocesan centre in Santa María de Nájera in favour of the emphatically monastic one of San Martín de Albelda, went directly against the contemporary developmental current that was sweeping the rest of the Iberian episcopate towards the establishment of increasingly secularized diocesan institutions.
A bishopric between three kingdoms: Calahorra, 1045-1190 (Medieval and Early Modern Iberian World) by Carolina Carl