By W. McIntyre
This lucid consultant meets the necessity for an updated evaluation of the modern Commonwealth. It has a succinct part on its ancient history and provides awareness to symbols and to the "People's Commonwealth" of voluntary corporations, activities, and company. It highlights severe questions of stability that experience emerged among the relative roles of governments and reliable firms, voluntary institutions, and personal company.
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Extra resources for A Guide To the Contemporary Commonwealth
But after 1948, when an Afrikaner-dominated government, pledged to a policy of apartheid and exclusion of British influence in the Union, came to power in South Africa, the idea of a Central African Federation was viewed more favourably. The Rhodesias and Nyasaland could pool resources for development and move on to eventual independence and Commonwealth membership. For Britain, the prospect of a ‘loyal Dominion’ as a counterpoise to South Africa now suddenly became attractive. The Conservative governments of the 1950s still regarded the Commonwealth as a small club for big members.
Common allegiance became optional after 1949, but the eight-member Euro-Asian Commonwealth still had a semblance of unity based on the symbolic Headship of the Commonwealth. Would the 40 or more other dependencies, large and small, be able to join this Club? Sudan, which became independent in 1956, emulated Burma and did not join. 4 Ghana became the first African member in 1957. Malaya became an independent constitutional monarchy in the same year. By the 1960s, Britain’s standing in the world had plummeted as a result of the disastrous Suez adventure of 1956.
Peter Fraser, the Scots-born New Zealand prime minister (who had once worked as a carpenter in the Houses of Parliament in Westminster) did not want to ‘cheapen the link or weaken the Crown’. He thought the price was too high. ’ He feared it would be ‘nebulous goodwill and endless conferences’. He said an association could not be ‘based on nebulae … we would have a flabby Commonwealth’. He was ‘terribly doubtful’ about the whole idea and was determined to demand in London what India would give in return.
A Guide To the Contemporary Commonwealth by W. McIntyre