By John H. Hann
While Spanish and French explorers first landed in Florida early within the sixteenth century, Timucua audio system occupied extra land zone and have been extra various than the other aboriginal crew. this can be their first specified historical past, a massive research that areas its writer within the leading edge of Spanish colonial historians operating within the usa. The Timucua are the single local humans of Florida whose language survives in literature in enough caliber and volume to allow major examine. hoping on formerly unused files, this account of the Timucua strains their adventure from first touch with Europeans to their exile to Cuba in 1763 and their ultimate eradication. starting with the query in their quantity and their destinations in northern Florida and southern Georgia, John Hann examines the Timucua's contacts with quite a few ecu teams, beginning with Ponce de Le?n's excursion. He features a certain presentation in their event below the project regimes, and covers such themes because the Europeans' descriptions of the folks, their language, tradition, and political constructions, the derivation in their language, and the meanings in their placenames and titles. He additionally resolves confusion over the level of the territory of a Timucua subgroup referred to as the Mocama, and discusses different Florida local peoples who moved into Timucua territory as refugees through the first 1/2 the 18th century.
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Extra resources for A History of the Timucua Indians and Missions (Ripley P. Bullen Series)
Farther north, at least, Timucua territory reached to the Gulf at the mouth of the Suwannee (Worth 1992a:5960). :1). But the Tocobaga of north Tampa Bay, whose village is the type-site for the Safety Harbor culture that dominates the bay area, spoke a language distinct from Timucua (D. de Leturiondo 1978:11718; Méndez de Canzo 1601). And the bay's Uçita and Mocoso, where Ortiz acquired his native languages, spoke distinct tongues (Elvas 1933:1:61). A similar uncertainty prevails about the Timucua's southern limits farther east, between the Oklawaha and St.
Johns rivers. Some have identified the Mayaca and Jororo, two major peoples in that area, as probably Page 4 Timucua-speakers. However, a knowledgeable Spaniard identified them as speaking Mayaca (Ayala y Escobar 1717; Hann 1993a:111, 11516). For another group, the Ayapaja, the evidence is somewhat contradictory. They have an obviously Timucua-sounding name, but they were linked with both the Jororo and the Acuera. When the Ayapaja first appeared during Governor Diego de Quiroga y Losada's term (168793), they were united with a band of heathen Acuera and the two groups apparently acknowledged the same chief.
Ribaut described the river as ''divided into many large streams, which slice the country into large and Page 12 beautiful islands and excellent little prairies and meadows," with an incredible abundance of fish everywhere (Lussagnet 1958:20, 21, 13536, 157). The hinterland in this zone was more heavily settled than it was farther north behind the Guale coast on the trail to Tama and Ocute in the Georgia piedmont. The travelers on the 1597 expedition to Tama and Ocute reported that "they returned by another different road than they had gone by [when setting out from Guale], very much better and more populated, because there was no stretch of greater than two days without a settlement, and on the other there was a stretch of seven days [out of eight], and the horse that the said friars brought with them came more contentedly to Yufera and Cascangue" (Méndez de Canzo 1600b).
A History of the Timucua Indians and Missions (Ripley P. Bullen Series) by John H. Hann