Download PDF by Molly Greene: A Shared World: Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern

By Molly Greene

ISBN-10: 0691095426

ISBN-13: 9780691095424

The following Molly Greene strikes past the adversarial "Christian" as opposed to "Muslim" divide that has coloured many ancient interpretations of the early sleek Mediterranean, and divulges a society with a much richer set of cultural and social dynamics. She specializes in Crete, which the Ottoman Empire wrested from Venetian keep an eye on in 1669. Historians of Europe have frequently considered the victory as a watershed, the ultimate step within the Muslim conquest of the japanese Mediterranean and the obliteration of Crete's thriving Latin-based tradition. yet to what volume did the conquest truly switch lifestyles on Crete? Greene brings a brand new point of view to endure in this episode, and at the japanese Mediterranean generally. She argues that no sharp divide separated the Venetian and Ottoman eras as the Cretans have been already a part of a global the place Latin Christians, Muslims, and japanese Orthodox Christians were intermingling for a number of centuries, fairly within the region of commerce.Greene additionally notes that the Ottoman conquest of Crete represented not just the extension of Muslim rule to an island that after belonged to a Christian strength, but in addition the strengthening of jap Orthodoxy on the cost of Latin Christianity, and finally the Orthodox reconquest of the jap Mediterranean. Greene concludes that regardless of their non secular modifications, either the Venetian Republic and the Ottoman Empire represented the ancien rgime within the Mediterranean, which debts for various similarities among Venetian and Ottoman Crete. the real push for swap within the area could come later from Northern Europe.

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Additional resources for A Shared World: Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern Mediterranean (Jews, Christians, and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World)

Sample text

Then they abandon the kingdom and go to the Turkish territories and, enraged as they are, they devote themselves to evil doing. They incite the enemy and open the way toward attacks, which perhaps he [the enemy] would not otherwise have thought of. 49 Despite his plea for harmony, the antagonism between the state and the peasantry is alluded to in his own speech. Although he placed most of the blame for exploitation of the peasantry on local elites, he had to confess that sometimes even the state overdid it with forced labor.

28 Venetian administrators were in the habit of giving not only the total population of the island but also the number of men fit for some kind of service to the state (ani me da fattione). Most commonly the villagers of Crete were expected to serve as rowers in the galleys, but they could also be recruited to serve in the ordinanze. Thus in 1589 700 men were enrolled in the ordinanze of Seteia province, as opposed to 600 in 1630. A modest rise is evident for the province of Candia, from 2,060 to 2,400 while in Chania the numbers enrolled doubled from 2,361 to 4,479.

Because so much land was given over to vineyards-vines were planted in even the most fertile plains of Crete, plains that could have produced an abundant wheat crop-the island had developed the habit of importing grain from the surrounding Ottoman lands for three or four months out of every year. This could continue only as long as the Ottomans had grain to export and were willing to do so. In the sixteenth century both these provisos became uncertain. In 1555 the first Ottoman ban on the export of grain was imposed, and their wheat policy became ever more draconian as the century wore on and the empire's population grew.

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A Shared World: Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern Mediterranean (Jews, Christians, and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World) by Molly Greene

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