By John Considine
This is often the 1st unified heritage of the massive, prestigious dictionaries of the 17th and eighteenth centuries, compiled in academies, which got down to glorify dwelling ecu languages. The culture all started with the Vocabolario degli Accademici della Crusca (1612) in Florence and the Dictionnaire de l'Académie françoise (1694) in Paris, and unfold throughout Europe - to Germany, Spain, England, Denmark, Sweden, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Russia - within the eighteenth century, enticing scholars of language as varied as Leibniz, Samuel Johnson, and Catherine the good. all of the significant academy and academy-style dictionaries of the interval as much as 1800, released and unpublished, are mentioned in one narrative, bridging nationwide and linguistic limitations, to provide a heritage of lexicography on a eu scale. Like John Considine's Dictionaries in Early sleek Europe (Cambridge college Press, 2008), this examine treats dictionaries either as actual books and as bold works of the human mind's eye.
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Extra info for Academy Dictionaries: 1600-1800
68 The dictionary was printed in Venice, by Giovanni Alberti, whose modest output since 1589 had included a work by Sperone Speroni and the letters of Annibale Caro, both of whom were of the circle of Salviati. Alberti had not previously printed works by members of the Accademia della Crusca, and he had not previously printed a dictionary: it has been suggested that The Vocabolario degli Accademici della Crusca 23 the Vocabolario was printed in Venice because paper was cheaper there, and perhaps Alberti offered the Crusconi good financial terms.
62 But it cannot be denied that, for all their faults, they completed a dictionary on a large scale, good enough to have been the foundation of a long and living series of subsequent editions. We know most about the jetonniers from the writings of Furetière, who had – as we shall see when we come to the story of his expulsion from the Académie – his own reasons for presenting them and their work in the worst possible light. These writings are powerful, funny, and quotable. 63 Be that as it may, Furetière’s stories should not distract us from the fact that the jetonniers got the job done.
Alberti had not previously printed works by members of the Accademia della Crusca, and he had not previously printed a dictionary: it has been suggested that The Vocabolario degli Accademici della Crusca 23 the Vocabolario was printed in Venice because paper was cheaper there, and perhaps Alberti offered the Crusconi good financial terms. 69 The Vocabolario turned out to be a great success, and greatly influential. There were, to be sure, dictionaries with greater entry counts than that of the Vocabolario della Crusca in the early seventeenth century.
Academy Dictionaries: 1600-1800 by John Considine