Download PDF by Mel Thompson: Access to Religion and Philosophy. Ethical Theory

By Mel Thompson

The 3rd version of moral concept has been up-to-date in keeping with the revised a degree specification requisites. It offers a vital history to moral matters via giving an summary of significant moral theories and the way those could be utilized to a number of modern ethical matters. the hot version combines all of the strengths of the second one version with a brand new layout and lines to make the content material extra obtainable to all scholars that allows you to strengthen their realizing of the subject. New good points comprise: - Key questions through the chapters to aid scholars concentrate on the most important concerns - keywords outlined and defined through the chapters - Profiles of key contributors - their contribution and value - extra precis diagrams all through to help revision - images and illustrations - Revision checklists on the finish of chapters - New exam-style questions and tips on the finish of every bankruptcy.

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E. g. Kant) who saw freedom as the ability of someone to originate an entirely new causal series – a freedom based on pure reason, not an option prompted by existing natural wants. Incompatibilism or Compatibilism Hard determinism or Soft determinism 3 How free do I need to be? Key thought To make sense of ethics, we need sufficient freedom to act and take responsibility for our actions. We have also seen that the hard determinist argument that we have no freedom whatsoever is irrelevant, because it still leaves us with the fact of the experience of freedom and choice and the need to understand and evaluate such choices.

Basing all knowledge on sense experience), his criticism of religious claims, and his work as a historian. He argued that moral statements are based on common human feelings of sympathy, rather than objective facts. Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) German philosopher who made a ‘Copernican revolution’ in the theory of knowledge (so called because it was Copernicus who argued that the Earth revolved around the sun and not vice versa), arguing that space, time and causality were features of the way the mind works, rather than being ‘out there’ in the world that is experienced.

But that is not in fact the case for, if determinism is true: ● ● ● Key question Does determinism stop us having moral dilemmas? Key word Compatibilism: those who claim that determinism may be true, and that events may be predictable, but that human beings still have some measure of choice about how they act, may be termed compatibilists. In other words, a degree of freedom is logically compatible with determinism. This is also known as soft determinism. Compatibilism may also take the form of arguing that determinism is irrelevant to the experience of freedom and moral choice – this is the position expressed in section b) above.

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Access to Religion and Philosophy. Ethical Theory by Mel Thompson

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