By Edward Kessler
Kinfolk among Christians and Jews during the last thousand years were characterized to an outstanding quantity via mutual mistrust and by means of Christian discrimination and violence opposed to Jews. In fresh many years, besides the fact that, a brand new spirit of debate has been rising, starting with an awakening between Christians of the Jewish origins of Christianity, and inspiring students of either traditions to interact. An creation to Jewish-Christian family members sheds clean mild in this ongoing interfaith come upon, exploring key writings and issues in Jewish-Christian heritage, from the Jewish context of the recent testomony to significant occasions of recent occasions, together with the increase of ecumenism, the horrors of the Holocaust, and the construction of the kingdom of Israel. This available theological and historic learn additionally touches on quite a few comparable parts equivalent to Jewish and interfaith stories, philosophy, sociology, cultural reviews, diplomacy and the political sciences.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Jewish-Christian Relations (Introduction to Religion)
Most scholars believe that the prayer’s original form was Aramaic and that it has antecedents both in the Hebrew Scriptures and in the liturgy of the early synagogue. This is demonstrated, for example, by Ben Sira :– which states, ‘forgive your neighbour the wrong he has done and then your sins will be pardoned when you pray’. David de Sola Pool (–) wrote that it has an ‘exact equivalent in the Kaddish [prayer of mourning], except for differences in person’. The prayer begins with the main concerns of the Kaddish and then follows the outline of the Amidah (Eighteen Benedictions): praise, petition and thanksgiving.
Later on, the illustrations of popular literature, including the famous Jewish characters of Shakespeare (–) and Dickens (– ), Shylock and Fagin, were arguably more antisemitic than the texts themselves. By contrast to these defamatory images of Jews made by Christians, the Protestant artist Rembrandt van Rijn (–) was known for his unusually sensitive portrayal of Jews, both in portraits and in representations of biblical scenes, based upon Jewish acquaintances he made in his native Amsterdam.
The Merchant of Venice depicts Shylock as both An Introduction to Jewish–Christian Relations villain and victim – an avaricious moneylender and Christian-hater but a man who suffers greatly and is forced to convert. In the seventeenth century the Puritans showed renewed interest in Judaism, perhaps because of the importance they gave to the Old Testament. Oliver Cromwell (–), himself a Puritan, was aware of the economic benefits of Jewish tradesmen and allowed Jews to return in .
An Introduction to Jewish-Christian Relations (Introduction to Religion) by Edward Kessler