Analysis, Fate and Removal of Pharmaceuticals in the Water by M. Petrovic, et al., PDF

By M. Petrovic, et al.,

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Extra resources for Analysis, Fate and Removal of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle [Comp Anal Chem Vol 50]

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Any point in the chain can be considered to be a source (but not necessarily an origin). , as food for humans or wildlife). ‘‘Sources’’ include routes to and from the end-user. The topic of PPCPs as pollutants is intimately tied to a bewildering array of phenomena that transport and transform these chemicals from one place to another via a multitude of distinct ‘‘routes’’ by which the chemical is emitted, dispersed, or otherwise introduced to the next ‘‘compartment’’ or ultimately to a biological receptor.

Other dimensions include the levels, amounts, doses, or concentrations of PPCPs that different sources can contribute for an exposure event. Discussion of the risk assessment process (with a focus on veterinary drugs) is provided by Montforts [60,61]. The best-documented outcome from exposures is the possibility of chronic, low-level exposures (especially in the aquatic environment) that hold the potential primarily for subtle effects [15]. Others, however, can result in acute, high-level exposures, such as those resulting from the improper disposal or storage of PPCPs, or from the exposure of scavenging animals to drug-tainted carcasses or medications improperly disposed in trash.

They also show the types of unanticipated, acute ecological effects that can occur from seemingly innocuous drugs and their routine usage. 30 Pharmaceuticals in the environment Agriculture and aquaculture Drugs are widely and heavily used in a spectrum of agriculture practices. But unlike with human use, the numbers of targeted biological endpoints are limited. Although there are human drugs from a wide spectrum of therapeutic classes, agricultural use tends to focus on antibiotics and steroidal hormones.

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Analysis, Fate and Removal of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle [Comp Anal Chem Vol 50] by M. Petrovic, et al.,


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