By Robert Forczyk
Not able to behavior flooring operations at the eu continent till Allied energy used to be marshalled for a full-scale invasion, the British executive established its grand method in international struggle II on a chronic crusade of aerial bombardment of Nazi Germany's towns on the way to carry the 3rd Reich to its knees. on the center of this method have been the rising applied sciences of the heavy bomber, mixed with night-navigation and precision-bombing ideas. The RAF brought the large four-engined Avro Lancaster in 1942 and used it to spearhead this aerial offensive. In reaction, the Luftwaffe created an elite nightfighter strength dependent basically upon the Bf a hundred and ten to counter the RAF bombers. even though the Bf a hundred and ten had failed miserably as an afternoon fighter over England in 1940, it chanced on its area of interest as a nightfighter. The Luftwaffe used to be quickly to equip it with airborne radar that allowed it to intercept and spoil Lancasters over Germany. In flip, the RAF followed countermeasures equivalent to the Monica rearward-looking radar to alert Lancaster crews to the method of nightfighters. The Lancaster heavy bomber was once outfitted with rear and dorsal turrets that gave it a few probability to force off nightfighters making use of the traditional tactic of attacking from above and behind.In could 1943, even though, the Luftwaffe by surprise built a unique technical and tactical method of attacking RAF bombers - the Schräge Musik weapon approach, which fastened upward-firing 20mm cannons in a Bf one hundred ten nightfighter. the recent tactic proved amazingly winning, and British bombers may be attacked from less than with out caution. quickly, the Luftwaffe made up our minds to equip a 3rd of its nightfighters with Schräge Musik and commenced to inflict grievous losses upon Lancaster bomber devices within the interval from August 1943 to March 1944. For its half, the RAF did not discover the recent German tactic for 6 an important months, within which time its Lancaster bombers have been virtually defenceless in contrast new possibility. In time, despite the fact that, the German benefit of shock was once misplaced and the RAF built countermeasures to house the hot danger. The duel among upgraded Bf 110s and Lancasters within the evening skies over Germany grew to become more and more ruled by means of state-of-the-art expertise, which might ascertain the efficacy of strategic bombing.
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Additional info for Bf 110 vs Lancaster: 1942-45
Once a raid was airborne, nightfighters would scramble and orbit, one in each Himmelbett zone. com 39 In 1941 the Luftwaffe deployed a belt of Freya (right) and Würzburg (left) early warning radars stretching from Denmark to northern France to detect incoming British bombers. Under the Himmelbett system, the Bf 110 nightfighters were initially tied to operating in specific radar zones. (Bundesarchiv, Bild 141-2732) 40 The Luftwaffe’s deployment of the Telefunken-designed FuG 202 B/C Lichtenstein airborne intercept radar in NJG 1’s Bf 110F-4 fighters based in Holland from February 1942 was a game-changer.
Lancaster units were normally divided into A and B flights, each of eight aircraft, for a total of 16 bombers. Each squadron also had two reserve Lancasters, which was increased to four in January 1944. 3 crews available for each aircraft, allowing for some rotation and ready replacements. However after the early war daylight formation tactics were abandoned, Lancaster crews were trained to operate and fight alone in the dark over hostile territory. Before the war, the British had relied upon small service schools such as the RAF College Cranwell to train pilots and aircrew, but this system was insufficient to support the vast expansion that Bomber Command intended.
6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Fuel cock levers (x2) Seat adjustment handle Throttle levers (x2) Electrical system cutout switch Fuel system priming pump levers (x2) Magneto switches (x2) Undercarriage and flap emergency operation switches (x2) Flap control switches Air pressure gauge Propeller pitch control levers Undercarriage controls Undercarriage position indicator Cockpit illumination (x6) 14. Repeater compass 15. Autopilot 16. Control column and gunfiring button 17. Altimeter 18. Cannon rounds indicator 19.
Bf 110 vs Lancaster: 1942-45 by Robert Forczyk