By Patrick Lee
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Extra info for Body-Self Dualism in Contemporary Ethics and Politics
Daniel Kolak and Raymond Martin (New York: Macmillan, 1991), 267–273. A general discussion is found in Harold Noonan, Personal Identity (London: Routledge, 1989). Articles with various viewpoints are reprinted in Person Identity, ed. , Personal Identity (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2003). Shoemaker, op. , 267–268. ” P1: SBT 0521882484c01 CUNY1153/Lee 24 978 0 521 88248 4 September 14, 2007 20:33 Body–Self Dualism in Contemporary Ethics and Politics Shoemaker argues that in such a society what they would mean by the word “person” would be such that the teletransportation would be person-preserving.
The argument can be reconstructed if one holds, as we do, that “I” refers to a rational animal. In other words, suppose that “I” refers to an enduring substance that is a rational animal. Suppose again that a terrible accident causes all of the psychological information involved in personal psychological continuity to be subtracted from that substance but that the substance continues to exist. Then, “I” refers to the same substance both before and after the loss of memory, character, and so on, and so I did survive the unfortunate incident.
Still another attempt to place central importance on psychological continuity rather than on substantial endurance is to concede that personal identity in the strict sense cannot be constituted by psychological continuity, but to insist nevertheless that only psychological continuity is practically important. Parfit is among those who argue that personal identity is often indeterminate – for example, in the duplication cases, there just is no fact of the matter (says Parfit) about whether either offshoot, or 50 This point is argued at length by David Oderberg, “Temporal Parts and the Possibility of Change,” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (2004), 686–708; also see Sally Haslanger, “Persistence through Time,” in Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics, ed.
Body-Self Dualism in Contemporary Ethics and Politics by Patrick Lee