Download e-book for kindle: Building the Federal Schoolhouse: Localism and the American by Douglas S. Reed

By Douglas S. Reed

ISBN-10: 0199838488

ISBN-13: 9780199838486

During the last fifty years, the federal government's efforts to reform American public schooling have remodeled U.S. faculties from locally-run organizations into complicated structures together developed via federal, kingdom, and native actors. the development of this federal schoolhouse-an academic approach with universal nationwide expectancies and practices-has essentially altered either schooling politics and the norms governing academic coverage on the neighborhood point.

Building the Federal Schoolhouse examines those matters via an in-depth, fifty-year exam of federal academic guidelines in the neighborhood of Alexandria, Virginia, a prosperous but socially diversified suburb of Washington, D.C. The epochal social variations that swept via the USA some time past part century hit Alexandria with specific strength, reworking its Jim Crow college procedure right into a new immigrant gateway district inside generations. alongside the way in which, the varsity process has struggled to supply caliber schooling for precise wishes scholars, and has sought to beat the legacies of monitoring and segregated studying whereas concurrently holding upper-middle type scholars. such a lot lately, it has grappled with nation and federally imposed responsibility measures that search to spice up academic results. All of those coverage projects have contended with the prevailing political regime inside Alexandria, every now and then forcing it to a brink, and at different occasions reconstructing it. all of the whereas, the neighborhood expectancies and governing realities of directors, mom and dad, politicians, and citizens have sharply restricted federal tasks, proscribing their scope while in clash with neighborhood commitments and amplifying them after they align.

Through an intensive use of neighborhood data, modern debts, university information, and interviews, Douglas S. Reed not just paints an intimate portrait of the conflicts that the federal schoolhouse's production has wrought in Alexandria, but in addition files the successes of the federal dedication to larger academic chance. In so doing, he highlights the complexity of the yankee schooling country and the centrality of neighborhood regimes and native historic context to federal academic reform efforts.

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Additional resources for Building the Federal Schoolhouse: Localism and the American Education State

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In the United States, the aspiration of building of a federal schoolhouse—the creation of a truly equal and national system of education—is sharply constrained and shaped by the ongoing commitments of those who have historically funded, designed, and operated schools in the United States: local school districts, shaped by state regulations. Because of this, local conditions, which vary considerably, affect the architecture of American schooling. As a result, an even, consistent application of federal educational policy will, perforce, result in an inconsistent realization of federal educational goals.

Doing so requires not only a narrative account of the political history of Alexandria in the second half of the twentieth century, but also an examination of particular pivot points in the implementation of federal education policies and how they intersected with (and partially changed) local regime imperatives within Alexandria. Operational Localism in Public Education Many educational policymakers—and politicians—may decry the complexity of our educational landscape, but it shapes the very ability of the federal government to achieve its objectives.

And while many federal educational initiatives over the past fifty years have greatly widened the educational opportunities of millions of children, the localism that many reformers saw as the primary obstacle to greater equality in educational opportunity in the United States was, nonetheless, the primary means by which these reforms gained political legitimacy—and were implemented—within communities. Localism is a defining characteristic of the US educational system, but it has largely been left out of the policy story of federal reform efforts.

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Building the Federal Schoolhouse: Localism and the American Education State by Douglas S. Reed

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