Download e-book for iPad: Cabinets in Eastern Europe by J. Blondel, F. Müller-Rommel

By J. Blondel, F. Müller-Rommel

ISBN-10: 1349411485

ISBN-13: 9781349411481

ISBN-10: 1403905215

ISBN-13: 9781403905215

Cupboards in japanese Europe is a finished learn which allows the reader to check the origins, constitution, composition and actions of those cupboards and to attract classes from this comparability. each one bankruptcy starts with a survey of the evolution of cupboards because the fall of communism firstly of the Nineteen Nineties. The emphasis is then laid at the position of the cupboard within the structure and at the position of presidents and leading ministers within the formation of the lifetime of each one cupboard. At a time whilst so much jap eu international locations are applicants for club within the eu Union, this quantity presents a special comparative presentation of ways during which cupboards were evolving in japanese Europe because the finish of communism.

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Extra resources for Cabinets in Eastern Europe

Sample text

Parties became more important; co-ordination of decision making was given to politicians and not to civil servants and the decisionmaking process became more formal. Civil servants were barred from attending informal cabinet meetings. The main purpose of these informal meetings is to have the discussion of these matters in an informal environment, as this helps to increase collegiality among the decision makers. These meetings lasted much longer than regular cabinet meetings ± on average four hours even during the cabinet of Laar ± with each issue being allocated about twenty minutes.

From 1995 to 1999, the dominant Coalition Party, which formed an alliance with the Rural Union, the Pensioners' and Families' League and the Rural People's Party, held 53 per cent of the cabinet posts in the first coalition and only 40 per cent in the second coalition. In the fourth cabinet, the Reform Party (ER) received a significantly high number of seats in cabinet given to their relatively low representation in parliament. In the È in cabinet increased again. They now fifth cabinet, the strength of the KMU held 53 per cent of the ministerial posts, while 34 per cent had been distributed among independent politicians.

The Estonian National Independence Party (ERSP), which had been in existence as a nationalist, anti-communist movement since 1988 obtained 10 seats. The Moderates (MOD), which was a coalition of the Tallinn- and Tartubased Social Democrats and Centre±Rural parties won 12 seats. The electoral union Popular Front (PFE), formerly a left-wing reform orientated movement, which had become moderate won 15 seats. The Safe Home group, essentially a group of former Soviet industry managers obtained 17 seats.

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Cabinets in Eastern Europe by J. Blondel, F. Müller-Rommel

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